Florida Museum of Natural History

Sawfish Selected References

Sawfish Images



Adams, W. F. and Wilson, C. R. 1995. The status of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata Latham 1794 (Rajiformes: Pristidae) in the United States. Chondros 6: pp. 1–5.

Adams, W. F. 1996. Where have all the sawfishes gone? Living Ocean News, Summer:1.

Aguilar, F. 2006. Desparación de la catanuda (Pristis pristis) en agues Ecuatorianas. Instituto Nacional de Pesca. Informe Técnico Guaraquil * Excuador IRBA 2-83-03.

Anon. 1996. Sawfish in the Mekong River. Shark News (7) July: p. 14.

Anon. 1996. Request for information on sawfishes, Family Pristidae. Shark News (6) March: p. 2.

Anon. 1996. Sawfishes considered for CITES- advice sought. Shark News (7) July: p. 3.

Baughman, J.L. 1952. The marine fishes of Texas. The sawfishes. Texas Game and Fish 10(4):28-29.

Baughman, J. L. 1943. Notes on sawfish Pristis perotteti Muller and Henle, not previously reported from the waters of the United States. Copeia 1943: 43-48.

Bigelow, H. B. and W. C. Schroeder. 1953. Sawfishes, guitarfishes, skates and rays. Fishes of The Western North Atlantic. Mem. Sears Found. Mar. Res.1: 1-514.

Boeseman, M. 1956. Fresh-water sawfishes and sharks in Netherlands New Guinea. Science (Wash.) 123: 222-223.

Breder, C. M. 1952. On the utility of the saw of the sawfish. Copeia 1952: 90-91.

Caldwell, S. 1990. Texas sawfish: which way did they go? TIDE. Jan/Feb: 16-19.

Carlson, J.K., Osborne, J., and Schmidt, T.W. 2007. Montoring the recovery of smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata, using standardized relative indices of relative abundance. Biol. Conserv. 136:195-202.

Case, G. R. 1965. An occurrence of the sawfish Onchopristis dunklei in the Upper Cretaceous of Minnesota . J. Minn. Acad. Sci. 32: 183.

Caton, J.D. 1879. Capture of a sawfish (Pristis antiquorum) on the beach at Galveston, Texas. Amer. Nat. 13:654

Charvet-Almeida, P. 2002. Sawfish trade in the north of Brazil. Shark News: Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group 14: 9.

Cheung, P. J. and Nigrelli, R. F. 1983. Dermophthirioides pristidis n. gen., n.sp. (Microbothriidae) from the skin and Neoheterocotyle ruggieriin. sp. (Monocotylidae) from the Gills of the small tooth sawfish, Pristis pectinaties. Transactions of the American Microscopical Society 102 (4): 366-370.

Cicimurri, D.J. 2007. A partial rostrum of the sawfish Pristis lathami Galeotti, 1837, from the Eocene of South Carolina. J. Paleontol. 81:597-601.

Clippinger, D.H. 1993. Observations Of Rostral Tooth Regrowth In Smalltooth Sawfish, Pristis pectinata. Drum and Croaker 24(1): 5-7.

Compagno, L.J.V. and Last P.R. 1999. Pristidae. Sawfishes. p. 1410-1417. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO identification guide for fishery purposes. The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. FAO, Rome.

Compagno, L.J.V. and S.F. Cook. 1995. The exploitation and conservation of freshwater elasmobranchs: status of taxa and prospects for the future. Journal of Aquariculture & Aquatic Sciences 7: 62-90.

Cook, S.F. and M. Oetinger. 1997. Proposal in support of listing sawfishes (F. Pristidae) at the 10th regular conference of the parties to CITES, Zimbabwe, June 9-20, 1997, 31 p.

Cook, S.F., Compagno, L., and Oetinger, M. 1995. Status of the largetooth sawfish Pristis perotteti Muller and Henle, 1841. Shark News (4) July: p. 5.

Cook, S. F. and Oetinger, M. 1996. Proposal in support of listing sawfishes (F. Pristidae) at the 10th regular conference of the parties to CITES.

Davies, D. H. 1963. The story of Sally the sawfish. South African Association for Marine Biological Research Bulletin 4: 10-13.

Deynat, P.P. 2005. New data on the systematics and interrelationships of sawfishes (Elasmobranchii, Batoidea, Pristiformes). Journal of Fish Biology 66 (5):1447-1458.

Dimock, A.W. and Dimock, J.A. 1908. Photographing a sawfish. Pages 141-149 in A.W. Dimock and J.A. Dimock, editors. Florida Enchantments. The Outing Publishing Company, New York.

Fordham, S. V. and Mairs, S. 1999. Petition to list North American populations of sawfish (Pristis pectinata and Pristis perotteti) as endangered persuant to the Endangered Species Act of 1973, 16 U.S.C. §1533. 99. Washington D.C., Center for Marine Conservation.

Fowler, S. 1998. Recent sawfish records. Shark News: Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group12: 4.

Heilner, V. C. 1917. Harpooning sawfish in the Florida Keys. Field and Stream 408-410.

Henningsen, A. D., Whitaker, B. R., and Walker, I. D. 2005. Protrusion of the valvular intestine in captive smalltooth sawfish and comments on pristid gastrointestinal anatomy and intestinal valve types. J. Aquat. Anim. Health 17: 289-295.

Hoffman, L. 1913. Zur kenntnis des neurocranium der Pristiden und Pristiophoriden. Zoologisches Jahrbucher 33: 234-360 [German].

Hoover, J.J. 2008. Searching for a sawfish: a history of the hunt. Am. Curr. 34:1-15.

Hussakof, L. 1912. Note on an embryo of Pristis cuspidatus. Bull. Am. Mus. Nat. Hist. N. Y. 31: 327-330.

Ishihara, H. 2005. Sawfishes in Mali. Report of the Japanese Society for Elasmobranch Studies 41: 29-53.

Ishihara, H., K. Honma, K. Hatooka, and T. Taniuchi. 1997. Comments on the record of a sawfish in the Aragusuku Island, Japan. Rep. Japan. Soc. Elasmobranch Stud. 33:1-5.

Ishihara, H., Taniuchi, T., Sano, M., and Last, P. 1991. Record of Pristis clavata Garman from the Pentecost River, Western Australia, with brief notes on its osmoregulation, and comments on the systematics of the Pristidae. Shimizu, M. and Taniuchi, T. Studies on elasmobranchs collected from seven river systems in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. 91. Tokyo, Univ. Mus., Univ. Tokyo.

Ishihara, H., Taniuchi, T., and Shimizu, M. 1991. Sexual dimorphism in number of rostral teeth in the sawfish, Pristis microdon collected from Australia and Papua New Guinea, pp. 83- 90. In: Shimizu, M. and Taniuchi, T. (eds.). Studies on elasmobranchs collected from seven river systems in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture 3.

Last, P.R. and J.D. Stevens. 1994. Sharks and Rays of Australia. Family Pristidae: Sawfishes. CSIRO, Australia, pp. 360-367.

Latham, J. 1794. An essay on the various species of sawfish. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London. 2: 273-282.

McDavitt, M.T. 2006. Summary of trade in sawfishes and sawfish parts. Unpublished report.

McDavitt, M.T. 2005. The cultural significance of sharks and rays in aboriginal societies across australia's top end. Sea Week 2005, Shark Bay Publication.

McDavitt, M.T. and Charvet-Almeida, P. 2004. Quantifying trade in sawfish rostra: two examples. Shark News 16: 10– 11.

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Cipactli's sword, Tlaltecuhtli's teeth: deciphering the sawfish & shark offerings in the Aztec Great Temple. Shark News: Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group 14: 6-7.

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Lake Nicaragua revisited: conversations with a former sawfish fisherman. Shark News: Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group 14: 5.

McDavitt, M. T. 2002. Sawfishes in the indigenous art of Panama. Shark News: Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group 14: 4.

McDavitt, M.T. 1996. The cultural and economic importance of sawfishes (family Pristidae), Shark News [Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group] 8 (1996), pp. 10–11.

McNulty, C. L. and Slaughter, B. H. 1962. A new sawfish from the Woodbine Formation (Cretaceous) of Texas. Copeia 1962: 775-777.

McNulty, C. L. and Slaughter, B. H. 1964. Rostral teeth of Ischyriza mira Leidy from northeast Texas. Tex. J. Sci. 16: 107-112.

Menezes, R. S. 1981. Ocorrencia do peixe-serra, Pristis pectinatus Latham, 1794, no litoral do Estado do Cear , Brasil (Pisces: Pristidae). Arq. Cien. Mar, Fortaleza 21 : 77-78.

Miller, W.A. 1995. Rostral and dental development in sawfish (Pristis perotteti). Journal of Aquariculture & Aquatic Sciences 7: 98-107.

Miller, W.A. 1974. Observations on the developing rostrum and rostral teeth of sawfish: Pristis perotteti and P. pectinatus. Copeia (2): 311-318.

Mizue, K. and M. Hara. 1991. The rectal gland of freshwater sawfish, Pristis microdon, and bull shark, Carcharhinus leucas, collected from the Daly and Sepik River, pp. 63-70. In: Shimizu, M. and Taniuchi, T. (eds.), Studies on elasmobranchs collected from seven river systems in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea, Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture 3.

Montoya, R.V. and Thorson, T.B. 1982. The bull shark Carcharhinus leucas and largetooth sawfish Pristis perotteti in Lake Bayano, a tropical man-made impoundment in Panama. Environ. Biol. Fishes 7:341-347.

Ogawa, K. 1991. Ectoparasites of sawfish, Pristis microdon, caught in freshwaters of Australia and Papua New Guinea, pp. 91-102. In: Shimizu, M. and Taniuchi, T. (eds.), Studies on elasmobranchs collected from seven river systems in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea, Univ. Mus. Univ. Tokyo, Nature and Culture 3.

New South Wales Department of Primary Industries. 2005. Threatened species in NSW: Green sawfish (Pristis zijsron). Prime Facts No. 7.

Northern Territory Parks and Wildlife Commission. 2006. Threatened Species of the Northern Territory (Pristis microdon).

Peverell, S. C. 2005. Distribution of sawfishes (Pristidae) in the Queensland Gulf of Carpentaria, Australia, with notes on sawfish ecology. Environ. Biol. Fishes 73: 391-402.

Peverell, S.C. and Pillans, R. 2004. Northern Australia sharks and rays: determining feasibility of acoustic tag attachment and documenting short-term movements in Pristis zijsron Bleeker, 1851. Queensland, Australia, Australian Government, National Oceans Office.

Poulakis, G. R. and J. C. Seitz. 2004. Recent occurrence of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Pristidae), in Florida Bay and the Florida Keys, with comments on sawfish ecology. Florida Scient. 67:27-35.

Poulakis, G. R. Matheson, R.E., Mitchell, M.E., Blewett, D.A., and Idelberger, C.F. 2004. Fishes of the Charlotte Harbor estuarine system, Florida. Gulf Mex. Sci. 22:117-150.

Raloff, J. 2007. Hammered saws: shark relatives with threatening snouts win global protection. Sci. News 172: 90.

Rudloe, J. 1988. The elusive sawfish. Pages 130-148 in J. Rudloe, editor. The wilderness coast: adventures of a Gulf coast naturalist. Truman Talley Books, New York.

Schwartz, F. J. 2003. Bilateral asymmetry in the rostrum of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata (Pristiformes: family Pristidae). Journal of the North Carolina Academy of Science 119: 41-47.

Seitz, J. C. and Poulakis, G. R. 2006. Anthropogenic effects on the smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in the United States. Mar. Pollut. Bull. 52: 1533-1540.

Seitz, J. C. and G. R. Poulakis. 2002. Recent occurrence of sawfishes (Elasmobranchiomorphi: Pristidae) along the southwest coast of Florida (USA). Florida Scient. 65:256-266.

Shellis, R.P. and B.K.B. Berkovitz. 1980. Dentine structure in the rostral teeth of the sawfish Pristis (Elasmobranchii). Archives of Oral Biology 25(5): 339-349.

Shields, S. A. 1879. A large sawfish. Am. Nat. 13: 262.

Shimose, T. 2007. A specimen of the sawfish Pristis microdon formerly collected from Aragusuku Island, Okinawa, still exists. Report of the Japanese Society for Elasmobranch Studies 43: 22-23.

Simpfendorfer, C.A., Poulakis, G.R., O’Donnell P.M., and Wiley, T.R. 2008. Growth rates of juvenile smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata Latham in the western Atlantic. Journal of Fish Biology 72, 711–723.

Simpfendorfer, C. A. and Wiley, T. R. 2006. National smalltooth sawfish encounter database. Sarasota, Florida, Mote Marine Laboratory.

Simpfendorfer, C. A. 2006. Movement and habitat use of smalltooth sawfish. Sarasota, Florida, Mote Marine Laboratory.

Simpfendorfer, CA. 2005. Threatened fishes of the world: Pristis pectinata Latham, 1794 (Pristidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes, 73:20.

Simpfendorfer, C. A., Wiley, T.R., and Yeiser, B. G. 2005. Effect of Hurricane Charlie on smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) nursery habitats in Charlotte Harbor, Florida. Mote Marine Laboratory Technical Report (1046).

Simpfendorfer, C.A. and Wiley, T.R. 2005. Identification of priority areas for smalltooth sawfish conservation. Mote Marine Laboratory Technical Report (1021).

Simpfendorfer CA. 2003. Conservation research for endangered smalltooth sawfish. Final Report to the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission, Grant number 02019. Mote Marine Laboratory Technical Report (893) 19 pp.

Simpfendorfer CA. 2003. Abundance, movement and habitat use of the smalltooth sawfish. Final Report to the National Marine Fisheries Service, Grant number WC133F-02-SE-0247. Mote Marine Laboratory Technical Report (929) 20 pp.

Simpfendorfer, CA. 2002. Smalltooth sawfish: the USA’s first endangered elasmobranch? Endangered Species Update, 19: 45-49.

Simpfendorfer, CA. 2001. Essential habitat of the smalltooth sawfish, Pristis pectinata. Report to the National Fisheries Service’s Protected Resources Division. Mote Marine Laboratory Technical Report (786) 21pp.

Simpfendorfer, CA 2001. Occurrence and movement of sawfish in southern Florida. Final Report to National Geographic Society’s Committee for Research and Exploration, Grant number 6803-00. Mote Marine Laboratory Technical Report (787) 14 pp.

Simpfendorfer C.A. 2000. Predicting Population Recovery Rates for Endangered Western Atlantic Sawfishes Using Demographic Analysis. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 58(4)371 - 377.

Slaughter, B. H. and Springer, S. 1968. Replacement of rostral teeth in sawfishes and sawsharks. Copeia 1968: 499-506.

Southwell, T. 1910. A descriptive note on the capture of a large saw-fish (Pristis cuspidatus) containing intra-uterine embryos. Spolia Zeylan. 6: 137-139 + 1 pl.

Tanaka, S. 1991. Age estimation of freshwater sawfish and sharks in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. Shimizu, M. and Taniuchi, T. Studies on elasmobranchs collected from seven river systems in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. 91. Tokyo, Univ. Mus., Univ. Tokyo.

Thorburn, D. C., Morgan, D. L., Rowland, A. J., and Gill, H. S. 2007. Freshwater sawfish Pristis microdon Latham, 1794 (Chondrichthyes: Pristidae) in the Kimberley region of Western Australia. Zootaxa 1471: 27-41.

Thorburn, D. and Morgan, D. 2006. Preliminary Survey Of Freshwater Sawfish and Other Fishes Of The McArthur River, Northern Territory. Centre for Fish and Fisheries Research, Murdoch University 1-25 pp.

Thorburn, D. C. and D. L. Morgan. 2005. Threatened fishes of the world: Pristis microdon Latham 1974 (Pristidae). Env. Biol. Fish. 72:465-466.

Thorburn, D., Morgan, D., and Gill, H. 2004. Biology and cultural significance of the freshwater sawfish (Pristis microdon) in the Fitzroy River Kimberley, Western Australia. Freshwater Fish Group at the Centre for Fish & Fisheries Research 57 pp.

Thorburn, D. C., Morgan, D. L., Rowland, A. J., and Gill, H. 2004. Elasmobranchs in the Fitzroy River, Western Australia. 30pp.

Thorson, T.B. 1982. Life history implications of a tagging study of the largetooth sawfish, Pristis perotteti, in the Lake Nicaragua-Rio San Juan system. Environmental Biology of Fishes 7(3):207-228.

Thorson, T.B. 1982. The impact of commercial exploitation on sawfish and shark populations in Lake Nicaragua. Fisheries 7(2):2-10.

Thorson, T.B. 1980. La explotacion excesiva del pez sierra, Pristis perotteti en el Lago Nicaragua. ConCiencia 7(1): 11-13.

Thorson, T. B. 1978. Marine fish in a fresh-water lake. Explorers J. Sept.: 114-119.

Thorson, T.B. 1976. Observations on the reproduction of the sawfish, Pristis perotteti, in Lake Nicaragua, with recommendations for its conservation. In: T.B. Thorson, ed. Investigations of the Ichthyofauna of Nicaraguan Lakes. University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln: pp. 641-650.

Thorson, T.B. 1974. Occurrence of the sawfish, Pristis perotteti, in the Amazon River, with notes on P. pectinatus. Copeia (2): 560-564.

Thorson, T.B. 1973. Sexual dimorphism in number of rostral teeth of the sawfish, Pristis perotteti Muller and Henle, 1841. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 102(3): 612-614.

Thorson, T.B., C.M. Cowan, and D.E. Watson. 1966. Sharks and sawfish in the Lake Izabal-Rio Dulce system, Guatemala. Copeia (3):620-622.

U. S. National Marine Fisheries Service. 2003. Endangered and threatened species; final endangered status for a distinct population segment of smalltooth sawfish (Pristis pectinata) in the United States. Federal Register 68:15674-15680.

U.S. National Marine Fisheries Service. Sea turtle and sawfish expanded take estimates in the shark bottom longline fishery. 2003. Silver Spring,MD, U.S. Natl. Mar. Fish. Serv., Southeast Fish. Sci. Center.

Uyeno, T. and Hasegawa, Y. 1986. A new Cretaceous ganopristoid sawfish of the genus Ischyrhiza from Japan . Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. (Jpn.) 12: 67-72.

van Oijen, M. J. P., Faria, V. V., and McDavitt, M. T. 2007. The curious holotype of Pristis dubius Bleeker, 1852 and the unravelling of Bleeker's sawfish taxonomy. Raffles Bull. Zool. 14: 37-49.

Wahlquist, H. 1966. A field key to the batoid fishes (sawfishes, guitarfishes, skates and rays) of Florida and adjacent waters. Technical Series No. 50, Florida Board of Conservation, St. Petersburg, FL. 20 pp.

Wiley, T. R., Simpfendorfer, C.A., Faria, V.V. and McDavitt, M.T. 2008. Range, sexual dimorphism and bilateral asymmetry of rostral tooth counts in the smalltooth sawfish Pristis pectinata Latham (Chondrichthyes: Pristidae) of the southeastern United States. Zootaxa 1810: 51–59.

Whitley, G. P. 1945. Leichhardt's sawfish. Aust. J. Zool. 11: 43-45.













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