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South Florida Aquatic Environments

Pinelands



NATIVE FLORA
Pinelands
© Maynard Hiss

Pinelands


Pinelands:

Native Flora

  • The subcanopy of the pinelands consists of fire-resistant species such as the saw palmetto and cabbage palm
Florida slash pines (Pinus elliotii) occur in a range of elevations, taking root among limestone outcroppings and
solution holes containing peat and marl. Surrounded by wet prairies and mangroves, pinelands experience flooding during the summer rainy season for extended periods of time.

Saw Palmetto
© Maynard Hiss
Saw Palmetto

Only occurring after the extended absence of fire, the subcanopy includes hardwood shrubs and small trees from adjacent hammock habitats. Saw palmetto (Serenoa palmetto), a low growing species of palm, commonly occurs within pinelands. Growing up to six feet (2 m) in height, the saw palmetto is easily recognized with its sharp, pointed leaves.

Cabbage Palm
© Maynard Hiss
Cabbage Palm


Another common plant is the cabbage palm (Sabal palmetto) which thrives in the poor soil conditions of the pinelands. Both the cabbage palm and the saw palmetto are extremely fire-tolerant.

Elderberry
courtesy South Florida Water Management District
Elderberry

Shrubs occurring within the pinelands include:



Pond Apple
courtesy U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Pond Apple


Buttonbush
courtesy South Florida Water Management District
Buttonbush