Phylogenetics of Maxillariinae (Orchidaceae)


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This study is a continuation of our work on subtribes of the tribe Maxillarieae, especially subtribes Oncidiinae and Stanhopeinae (see Links under construction). This page is based on our NSF proposal submitted in 2001.


INTRODUCTION TO MAXILLARIINAE
People involved with this project. This changes as new students become involved and others finish their work.



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

NORRIS H. WILLIAMS - for a complete cv


PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION:
  • University of Alabama Biology Sept. 1961 - Aug. 1964 B.S.
  • Washington University Botany Sept. 1964 - May 1965
  • University of Alabama Biology June 1965 - Aug. 1966 M.S.
  • University of Miami Biology Sept. 1966 - Jan. 1971 Ph.D.
  • University of Miami Biology Jan. 1971 - Aug. 1971 (Post-doc)
  • Smithsonian Institution Botany Aug. 1971 - Aug. 1972 (Post-doc)

APPOINTMENTS:

  • Curator, Joint Professor of Botany, and Keeper of the Herbarium, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 1984-present
  • Chairman, Department of Natural Sciences, Florida Museum of Natural History 1985-1994
  • Associate Curator, Joint Associate Professor of Botany, and Keeper of the Herbarium, Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida 1981-84
  • Associate Professor, Department of Biological Science, Florida State University 1978-81
  • Assistant Professor, Department of Biological Science, Florida State University 1973-78
  • Research Associate, Fairchild Tropical Garden, Miami, FL 1972-73

FIVE PUBLICATIONS RELEVANT TO THIS PROPOSAL:
  • Williams, N. H. and W. M. Whitten 1999. Molecular phylogeny and floral fragrances of male euglossine bee-pollinated orchids: A study of Stanhopea (Orchidaceae). Plant Species Biology 14: 129-137.
  • Whitten, W. M., N. H. Williams, and M. W. Chase. 2000. Subtribal and generic relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on Stanhopeinae: Combined molecular evidence. American Journal of Botany 87: 1842-1856.
  • Williams, N. H., M. W. Chase, T. Fulcher, and W. M. Whitten. 2001. Molecular systematics of the Oncidiinae based on evidence from four DNA sequence regions: expanded circumscriptions of Cyrtochilum, Erycina, Otoglossum, and Trichocentrum and a new genus (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 16: 113-139.
  • Sosa, V., M. W. Chase, G. Salazar, W. M. Whitten, and N. H. Williams. 2001. Phylogenetic Position of Dignathe (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae): evidence from nuclear ITS ribosomal DNA sequences. Lindleyana 16: 94-101.
  • Williams, N. H., M. W. Chase, and W. M. Whitten. 2001. Phylogenetic position of Miltoniopsis, Caucaea, a new genus, Cyrtochiloides, and relationship of Oncidium phymatochilum based on nuclear and chloroplast dna sequence data (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Lindleyana 16: 272-285.

FIVE OTHER RELATED PUBLICATIONS:
  • Wood, T. H., W. M. Whitten, and N. H. Williams. 2000. Phylogeny of Hedychium and related genera (Zingiberaceae) based upon ITS sequence data. Journal of the Edinburgh Botanical Garden. 57: 261-270.
  • Dressler, R. L. and N. H. Williams. 2000. Chelyorchis, a new genus. P. 1130 in Romero-González, G. A. and G. Carnevali Fernández-Concha. Orchids of Venezuela: An illustrated field guide. Second edition. Armitano Editores. Caracas, Venezuela.
  • Iudica, C. A., W. M. Whitten, and N. H. Williams. 2001. Small bones from dried mammal museum specimens as a reliable source of DNA. BioTechniques 30: 732-736.
  • Williams, N. H. and W. M. Whitten. 2001. Checking an orchid hybrid's background: The use of molecular data in determining parentage of hybrids. Orchids 70: 1056-1061.
  • Zomlefer, W. B., N. H. Williams, W. M. Whitten, and W. S. Judd. 2001. Generic circumscription and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: evidence from ITS and trnL-F sequence data. American Journal of Botany 88: 1657-1669.

THESIS ADVISOR AND POSTGRADUATE-SCHOLAR SPONSOR.
  • Kurt Neubig, M.S., Mario Blanco, Ph.D., Lorena Endara, Ph. D.; four former Ph.D. students; three M.S. students; two post-doctoral associates in the past.


BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

WILLIAM MARK WHITTEN


PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION:
  • Thomas More College Biology 1972 - 1976 B.A.
  • University of Tennessee Botany 1976 - 1979 M.S.
  • Florida State University Biological Science 1979 - 1981 transferred to UF
  • University of Florida Botany 1981 - 1985 Ph.D.

APPOINTMENTS:

  • Postdoctoral research associate, Florida Museum of Natural History 1985-1993
  • Senior Biological Scientist, Florida Museum of Natural History 1993-present


FIVE PUBLICATIONS RELEVANT TO THIS PROPOSAL:

  • Whitten, W. M., N. H. Williams, and M. W. Chase. 2000. Subtribal and generic relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on Stanhopeinae: Combined molecular evidence. American Journal of Botany 87: 1842-1856.
  • Ryan, A., W. M. Whitten, M. A. Johnson, and M. W. Chase. 2000. A phylogenetic assessment of Lycaste and Anguloa (Orchidaceae: Maxillarieae). Lindleyana 15:33-45.
  • Cameron, K. M., M. W. Chase, W. M. Whitten, P. J. Kores, D. C. Jarrell, V. A. Albert, T. Yukawa, H. G. Hills, and D. H. Goldman. 1999. A phylogenetic analysis of the Orchidaceae: Evidence from rbcL nucleotide sequences. American Journal of Botany 86: 208-224.
  • Eltz, T., W. M. Whitten, D. W. Roubik, and K. E. Linsenmair. 1999. Fragrance collection, storage, and accumulation by individual male orchid bees. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25: 157-176.
  • van den Berg, C., W. E. Higgins, R. L. Dressler, W. M. Whitten, M. A. Soto Arenas, A. Culham, and W. M. Chase. 2000. A phylogenetic analysis of Laeliinae (Orchidaceae) based on sequence data from internal transcribed spacers (ITS) of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Lindleyana 15: 96-114.

FIVE OTHER RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

  • Whitten, W. M., A. M. Young, and N. H. Williams. 1989. Function of glandular secretions in fragrance collection by male euglossine bees (Apidae: Euglossini). Journal of Chemical Ecology 15:1285-1295.
  • Whitten, W. M., A. M. Young, and D. L. Stern. 1993. Non-floral sources of chemicals that attract male euglossine bees. Journal of Chemical Ecology 19: 3017-3027.
  • Stern, W. L. and W. M. Whitten. 1999. Comparative vegetative anatomy of Stanhopeinae (Orchidaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 129: 87-103.
  • Zomlefer, W. B., N. H. Williams, W. M. Whitten, and W. S. Judd. 2001. Generic circumscription and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: evidence from ITS and trnL-F sequence data. American Journal of Botany 88: 1657-1669.
  • Whitten, W. M. and N. H. Williams. 1992. Floral fragrances of Stanhopea (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 7: 130-153.
THESIS ADVISOR AND POSTGRADUATE-SCHOLAR SPONSOR.
  • Barbara Carlsward, Ph.D.
  • Wesley Higgins, Ph.D.




BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

GERMÁN CARNEVALI FERNÁNDEZ-CONCHA


PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION:

  • Universidad Central Venezuela Biology Aug. 1981 - Aug. 1987 Licenciatura
  • University of Missouri-St. Louis Botany Jan. 1989 - Jan 1991 M.S.
  • University of Missouri-St. Louis Botany Jan. 1991 - May 1996 Ph.D.

APPOINTMENTS:

  • Profesor Investigador Titular B and Keeper of the Herbarium CICY, Centro Investigación Científica de Yucatán, (CICY) 2001-present.
  • Investigador Titular A and Keeper of the Herbarium CICY, Centro Investigación Científica de Yucatán, (CICY) 1996(2001.
  • Natural History Biologist, Flora of Missouri Project January 1995-July 1996.
  • Editorial assistant, Flora of the Venezuelan Guayan Project, Missouri Botanical Garden Aug.(Dec. 1989
  • Botanist, Herbario Nacional de Venezuela (VEN), Jardín Botánico de Caracas, INPARQUES 1985(1988.
  • Laboratory Technician, Viveros Urimare, Caracas, Venezuela 1977(1985).

FIVE PUBLICATIONS RELEVANT TO THIS PROPOSAL:
  • Carnevali, G., 2001. A synoptical view of the classification of Cryptocentrum Benth. (Orchidaceae), new taxa, and a key to the genus. Harvard Papers in Botany 5: 467-486.
  • Carnevali, G. and J. T. Atwood. 1991. Orchidaceae Dunstervillorum II: Maxillaria cryptobulbon nova sp. and a note on the Maxillaria brunnea complex. Novon 1: 159-164.
  • Carnevali, G. and J. T. Atwood. 1996. Two new species in the Maxillaria rufescens complex from Central America. Lindleyana 11: 27-33.
  • Carnevali, G., 1999. Cryptocentrum pp. 27-32, in Atwood and Mora de Retana: Flora Costaricensis: Orchidaceae. Fieldiana Botany (New Series) No. 40.
  • Carnevali, G. and W. Fritz. 2000. The Maxillaria porrecta Lindley complex in the Venezuelan Guayana and the Guianas with a new species in the group. Selbyana 21: 129-135.

FIVE OTHER RELATED PUBLICATIONS:
  • Carnevali, G. and I. Ramírez. 1989. New or Noteworthy Orchids for the Venezuelan Flora. VII. Additions in Maxillaria from the Venezuelan Guayana. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 76: 374-380.
  • Carnevali, G. and G. A. Romero. 1994. Orchidaceae Dunstervillorum VII: A new Cryptocentrum from the Guayana Highlands. Die Orchidee, Beiheft 1: 3-12.
  • Carnevali, G. and I. Ramírez. 1998. Notes on the Orchid Flora of the Cruz Carrillo National Park (Guaramacal), Venezuela. Harvard Papers in Bot. 12(4): 239-252.
  • Romero, G. A. and G. Carnevali. 2000. Orchids of Venezuela, An illustrated Field Guide. Second Edition. Armitano Editores. Caracas. Venezuela.
  • Carnevali, G., J. L. Tapia-Muñoz, R. Jiménez-Machorro, L. Sánchez-Saldaña, L. Ibarra-González, I. M. Ramírez, and M. P. Gómez-Juárez. 2001. Notes on the flora of the Yucatan Peninsula II: A synopsis of the orchid flora of the Mexican Yucatán Península and a tentative checklist of the Orchidaceae of the Yucatán Península Biotic Province. Harvard Papers in Botany 5: 383-466.

Collaborators and Other Affiliations

  • Atwood, J. T., Marie Selby Botanical Gardens
  • Dodson, C. H., Marie Selby Botanical Gardens.
  • Dressler, R. L, University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History.
  • Gerlach, G. Botanischer Garten Muenchen-Nymphenburg, Muenchen, Germany.
  • Jiménez, R., Herbarium AMO, México City, México. Ramírez, I. M., Centro de Investigación Científica de Yucatán, Mérida, México.
  • Romero, G. A., Ames Orchid Herbarium, Harvard University Herbaria.
  • Salazar, G., Herbario Nacional de México, Dept. de Botanica, Instituto de Biología, UNAM, México, D.F., México
  • Sosa, V., Instituto de Ecología, Xalapa, Veracruz, México.
THESIS ADVISOR AND POSTGRADUATE-SCHOLAR SPONSOR.
  • Leticia Abdala, M.S., Isidro Ojeda, M.S., Héctor Cálix, Ph.D.




BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

RODRIGO BUSTOS SINGER


PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION:

  • Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (Argentina) Biology Febr. 88 - Dec. 93 B.S.
  • Universidade Federal do Paraná (Brazil) Botany Febr. 95 - Febr. 97 M.S.
  • Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Brazil) Botany Febr. 97 - Nov. 2001 Ph.D.


FIVE PUBLICATIONS RELEVANT TO THIS PROPOSAL:
  • Singer, R. B. and A. A. Cocucci. 1999. Pollination mechanisms in four sympatric southern Brazilian Epidendroideae orchids. Lindleyana 14: 47-56.
  • Singer, R. B. and M. Sazima. (in press). The pollination mechanism of three sympatric Prescottia (Orchidaceae: Prescottinae) species in southeastern Brazil. Annals of Botany. Published electronically 8 Oct 2001.
  • Singer, R. B. and M. Sazima. (in press). Flower Morphology and Pollination Mechanism in Three Sympatric Goodyerinae Orchids from South-eastern Brazil. Annals of Botany. Published electronically 8 Oct 2001.
  • Singer, R. B. (in press). The pollination of Trigonidium obtusum Lindl. (Orchidaceae: Maxillariinae): trap-flowers and sexual mimicry. Annals of Botany.
  • Singer, R. B. (in press). The pollination mechanism in Sauroglossum elatum Lindl. (Orchidaceae): protandry and moth-pollination in Neotropical Spiranthinae. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society.

FIVE OTHER RELATED PUBLICATIONS:

  • Singer, R. B. and M. Sazima. 2000. The pollination of Stenorrhynchos lanceolatus (Aublet) L. C. Rich. (Orchidaceae: Spiranthinae) by Hummingbirds in Southeastern Brazil. Plant Systematics and Evolution 223: 221-227.
  • Singer, R. B. and A. A. Cocucci. 1999. Pollination mechanism in southern Brazilian orchids which are exclusively or mainly pollinated by halictid bees. Plant Systematics and Evolution. 217: 101-117.
  • Singer, R. B. and M. Sazima. 1999. The pollination mechanism in the "Pelexia alliance" (Orchidaceae: Spiranthinae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 131: 249-262.
  • Singer, R. B. and A. A. Cocucci. 1997. Eye attached hemipollinaria in the Hawkmoth and Settling Moth. Pollination of Habenaria (Orchidaceae): A study on functional morphology in 5 species from subtropical South America. Botanica Acta 110: 328-337.
  • Singer, R. B. and A. A. Cocucci. 1997. Pollination of Pteroglossaspis ruwenzoriensis (Rendle) Rolfe (Orchidaceae) by beetles in Argentina. Botanica Acta 110: 338-342.

Collaborators and Other Affiliations

  • do Amaral, M.E., Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biologia,Unicamp, CP 6109, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • De Barros, F. Seção do Orquidário, Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo, SP
  • Koehler, S., Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biologia,Unicamp, CP 6109, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • Marsaioli, A. Instituto de Química, Unicamp, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • Sazima, M. Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biologia,Unicamp, CP 6109, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • Whitten, W. M., University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

SAMANTHA KOEHLER


PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION:
  • Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro Biology Mar. 1994 - Dec. 1998 B.S.
  • Universidade Estadual de Campinas Botany Mar. 1999 - Oct. 2001 M.S.

PUBLICATIONS:

  • Koehler, S. 2001. Phylogeny and systematics of Bifrenaria (Orchidaceae) sensu lato. Masters Thesis. Universidade Estadual de Campinas. Campinas, Brasil.
  • Koehler, S. and C. P. Bove. 2001. Hydrocharitaceae from Central Brazil: a new species of Egeria Planchon and a note on Apalanthe granatensis (Humbolt and Bonpland) Planchon. Novon 11: 63-66.
  • Koehler, S. 2001. Alismataceae, in Flora nacional da restinga de Jurubatiba e arredores, Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: listagem florística e fitogeografia: Angiospermas, Pteridófitas, algas continentais. Editora Museu Nacional, Rio de Janeiro.
  • Koehler, S. and E. L. M. Catharino. 2001. Bifrenaria Lindl. sensu lato. Flora Fanerogâmica do Estado de São Paulo. in press.
  • Koehler, S. and C. P. Bove. 2001. Alismatidae in the Araguaia River Basin (MT/GO, Brazil): Taxonomical survey and identification keys. Kurtziana. in press.

Collaborators and Other Affiliations

  • do Amaral, M. E., Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biologia,Unicamp, CP 6109, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • De Barros, F. Seção do Orquidário, Instituto de Botânica, São Paulo, SP
  • Marsaioli, A. Instituto de Química, Unicamp, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • Sazima, M. Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biologia,Unicamp, CP 6109, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • Singer, R.B. Departamento de Botânica, Instituto de Biologia,Unicamp, CP 6109, Campinas, São Paulo, BRAZIL
  • Whitten, W. M., University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History
  • Williams, N. H. University of Florida, Florida Museum of Natural History



BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

MARIO A. BLANCO


PROFESSIONAL PREPARATION:

  • Universidad de Costa Rica Biology Mar. 1992 - Dec. 1996 B.S.
PUBLICATIONS:
  • Monge-Nájera, J. and M. A. Blanco. 1995. The influence of leaf characteristics on epiphyllic cover: a test of hypotheses with artificial leaves. Tropical Bryology 11: 5-9.
  • Pupulin, F. and M. A. Blanco. 2001. Myoxanthus vittatus (Orchidaceae), a new species from Costa Rica. Lankesteriana 2: 15-18.
  • Blanco, M. A. Aristolochia gorgona (Aristolochiaceae), a new species with giant flowers from Costa Rica and Panama. Brittonia: in press.
  • Blanco, M. A. Notes on the natural history of Cyclopogon obliquus (Orchidaceae) in Costa Rica. In preparation.
  • Blanco, M. A. and G. Barboza. Pollination by pseudocopulation in Lepanthes (Orchidaceae). In preparation.

Collaborators and Other Affiliations

  • Franco Pupulin. Jardín Botánico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica, P.O. Box 1031-7050 Cartago, Costa Rica. fpupulin@cariari.ucr.ac.cr
  • Carlos Morales. Escuela de Biologia, Universidad de Costa Rica. 1000 San José, Costa Rica. oldem@biologia.ucr.ac.cr
  • Research Associate, Jardín Botánico Lankester, Universidad de Costa Rica, P.O. Box 1031-7050 Cartago, Costa Rica.
  • Research Associate, Instituto Centroamericano de Investigación Biológica y Conservación, P.O. Box 2398-250, San Pedro de Montes de Oca, San José, Costa Rica.





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