- Algal Collection
- Bryophyte and Lichen Collection
- Carpological Collection : dried specimens of materials too large to mount on a standard herbarium sheet. For example, large fruit, bark, stems, roots, tubers.
- Fungal Collection
- Seed Collection
- Wood Collection
Stern, William Louis. 1988. Index Xylariorum : institutional wood collections of the world. 3rd rev. ed. International Association of Wood Anatomists Bulletin n.s. 9(3): 203-252.
- Spirit Collection : specimens preserved in fluid, tpyically a mix of alcohol, glycerol and distilled water. The specimens are usually stored in glass jars, although sometimes they are stored in plastic containers. All material containing alcohol must be stored in fireproof metal cabinets or a special fireproof room.
- Economic Botany Collection : artifacts documenting the cultural use of plant materials for food, spice, medicine, utensils, construction, clothing and in social activities such as games and religious ceremonies ; specimens of plants with data documenting human use.
- Genetic Resources Collection : preservation of materials for genetic research (tissues samples, molecular preparations and products).
- Pollen and Spore Collection : pollen, typically preserved on slides.
- Paleobotanical Collection : plant fossils (often includes pollen and spore collection).
- Illustration Collection
- Photographic Collection : slides and photographs.