Florida Museum of Natural History
Assembling the Tree of Life: Orchidaceae ONCIDIINAE (ORCHIDACEAE) University of Florida Herbarium Home

This study expands our previous work on subtribes Maxillariinae, Oncidiinae, Zygopetalinae, and Stanhopeinae.


Ackerman JD, Meléndez-Ackerman EJ, Salguero Faria J. 1997. Variation in pollinator abundance and selection on fragrance phenotypes in an epiphytic orchid. American Journal of Botany 84: 1383-1390.

Aliscioni SS, Torretta JP, Bello ME, Galati BG. 2009. Elaiophores in Gomesa bifolia (Sims) MW Chase & NH Williams (Oncidiinae: Cymbidieae: Orchidaceae): structure and oil secretion. Annals of Botany 104: 1141-1149.

Ayensu ES, Williams NH. 1972. Leaf anatomy of Palumbina and Odontoglossum subgenus Osmoglossum. American Orchid Society Bulletin 41:687-696.

Bembe B. 2004. Functional morphology in male euglossine bees and their ability to spray fragrances (Hymenoptera, Apidae, Euglossini). Apidologie 35: 283-291.

Braem G. 1986. The taxonomy of plants formerly referred to Oncidium Section Oncidium (Orchidaceae) in the Caribbean islands. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Newcastle Upon Tyne.

Braem G. 1993. Studies in the Oncidiinae, discussion of some taxonomic problems with description of Gudrunia Braem, gen. nov., and the reinstatement of the genus Lophiaris Rafinesque. Schlecteriana 4: 8-29.

Braem G. 2010. Comments on plant taxonomy with special reference to Orchidaceae and monospecific genera. Richardiana 10: 101-117.

Buchmann SL. 1987. The ecology of oil flowers and their bees. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 18: 343-396.

Buzatto CR, Singer RB, Romero-González GA, van den Berg C. 2011. Typifications and New Synonymies in Capanemia (Orchidaceae, Oncidiinae). Novon 21: 28-33.

Buzatto CR, Singer RB, van den Berg C. 2010. O gênero Capanemia Barb. Rodr. (Oncidiinae: Orchidaceae) na Região Sul do Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Biociências 8: 309-323.

Cameron KM. 2004. Utility of plastid psaB gene sequences for investigating intrafamilial relationships within Orchidaceae. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 31: 1157-1180.

Cameron KM, Chase MW, Whitten WM, Kores PJ, Jarrell DC, Albert VA, Yukawa T, Hills HG, Goldman DH. 1999. A phylogenetic analysis of the Orchidaceae: evidence from rbcL nucleotide sequences. American Journal of Botany 86: 208-224.

Cane JH, Eickwort GC, Wesley FR, Spielholz J. 1983. Foraging, grooming and mate -seeking behaviors of Macropis nuda (Hymenoptera, Melittidae) and use of Lysimachia ciliata (Primulaceae) oils in larval provisions and cell linings. American Midland Naturalist 110: 257-264.

Carmona-Díaz G, García-Franco JG. 2009. Reproductive success in the Mexican rewardless Oncidium cosymbephorum (Orchidaceae) facilitated by the oil-rewarding Malpighia glabra (Malpighiaceae). Plant Ecology 203: 253-261.

Charanasri U, Kamemoto H. 1975. Additional chromosome numbers in Oncidium and allied genera. American Orchid Society Bulletin 44: 686-691.

Chase MW. 1986a. Pollination biology of two sympatric, synchonously flowering species of Leochilus in Costa Rica. Lindleyana 1: 141-147.

Chase MW. 1986b. A reappraisal of the oncidioid orchids. Systematic Botany 11: 477-491.

Chase MW. 1988. Obligate twig epiphytes: a distinct subset of Neotropical orchidaceous epiphytes. Selbyana 10: 24-30.

Chase MW. 2005. Psychopsis limminghei. Curtis's Botanical Magazine 22: 53-55.

Chase MW. 2009a. A new name for the single species of Nohawilliamsia and corrections in Gomesa (Orchidaceae). Phytotaxa 1: 57-59.

Chase MW. 2009b. Subtribe Oncidiinae. In: Pridgeon AM, Chase MW, Cribb PJ, Rasmussen FN, eds. Genera Orchidacearum, Vol. 5 Epidendroideae (part two). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 211-394.

Chase MW, Cameron KM, Barrett RL, Freudenstein JV. 2003. DNA data and Orchidaceae systematics: a new phylogenetic classification. In: Dixon KW, Kell SP, Barrett RL, Cribb PJ, eds. Orchid Conservation. Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia: Natural History Publications. 69-89.

Chase MW, Hanson L, Albert VA, Whitten WM, Williams NH. 2005. Life history evolution and genome size in subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae). Annals of Botany 95: 191-199.

Chase MW, Hills HH. 1991. Silica gel: an ideal material for field preservation of leaf samples for DNA studies. Taxon 40: 215-220.

Chase MW, Olmstead RG. 1988. Isozyme Number in Subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae) - An evaluation of polyploidy. American Journal of Botany 75: 1080-1085.

Chase MW, Palmer JD. 1987. Chloroplast DNA systematics of the subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae). American Journal of Botany 74: 728-728.

Chase MW, Whitten WM. 2011. Further taxonomic transfers in Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae). Phytotaxa 20: 26–32.

Chase MW, Williams NH, de Faria AD, Neubig KM, Amaral MdCE, Whitten WM. 2009a. Floral convergence in Oncidiinae (Cymbidieae; Orchidaceae): an expanded concept of Gomesa and a new genus Nohawilliamsia. Annals of Botany 104: 387-402.

Chase MW, Williams NH, Whitten WM. 2009b. Oncidiinae nomenclature: Generic changes in Genera Orchidacearum, Volume 5. Orchids 78: 228-238.

Christenson EA. 1999. The return of Cohniella (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Lindleyana 14: 176-177.

Christenson EA. 2006. Brevilongium, un nouveau genre néotropical (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Richardiana 6: 45-49.

Christenson EA. 2005. Phymatochilum, un nouveau genre monotypique du Brésil (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Richardiana 5: 194-196.

Cribb PJ. 2009. Tribe Cymbidieae. In: Pridgeon AM, Chase MW, Cribb PJ, Rasmussen FN, eds. Genera Orchidacearum, Vol. 5 Epidendroideae (part two). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press. 3-11.

Dalström S. 2001. A synopsis of the genus Cyrtochilum (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae): taxonomic reevaluation and new combinations. Lindleyana 16: 56-80.

Davies KL, Stpiczynska M. 2009. Comparative histology of floral elaiophores in the orchids Rudolfiella picta (Schltr.) Hoehne (Maxillariinae sensu lato) and Oncidium ornithorhynchum HBK (Oncidiinae sensu lato). Annals of Botany 104: 221-234.

Docha Neto A, Baptista DH, Campacci MA. 2006. Novos generos baseados em Oncidium brasileiros. Coletânea de Orquídeas Brasileiras 3: 20-95.

Dod DD. 1976. Oncidium henekenii-- bee orchid pollinated by bee. American Orchid Society Bulletin 45: 792-794.

Dodson CH. 1957. Chromosome numbers in Oncidium and allied genera. American Orchid Society Bulletin 26: 323-330.

Dodson CH. 1962. The importance of pollination in the evolution of the orchids of tropical America. American Orchid Society Bulletin 31: 525-534, 641-649, 731-735.

Dodson CH. 1965. Agentes de polinización y su influencia sobre la evolución de la familia Orquidacea. Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana, Instituto General de Investigación.

Dodson CH. 2003. Native Ecuadorian Orchids, Volume 5. The Dodson Trust: Sarasota, Florida, USA.

Doyle JJ, Doyle JL. 1987. A rapid DNA isolation procedure for small quantities of fresh leaf tissue. Phytochemical Bulletin 19: 11-15.

Dressler RL. 1993. Phylogeny and Classification of the Orchid Family. Dioscorides Press: Portland, Oregon, USA.

Dressler RL, Williams NH. 1975. El Complejo Oncidoglossum Confusum. Orquídea 4: 332-352.

Eltz T, Roubik D, Lunau K. 2005. Experience-dependent choices ensure species-specific fragrance accumulation in male orchid bees. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 59: 149-156.

Felsenstein J. 1985. Confidence limits on phylogenies - An approach using the bootstrap. Evolution 39: 783-791.

Fernandez-Concha GC, Duno R, Romero-González G, Balam R, Cetzal W, Tapia-Muñoz JL, Ramírez I. 2009. A reappraisal of the turtle-orchids, genus Chelyorchis (Oncidiinae: Orchidaceae): Molecular, phylogenetic, and morphometric approaches. The Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 136: 164-185.

Fernandez-Concha GC, Ix WRC, Narvaez R, Romero-González GA. 2010. A synopsis of Cohniella (Orchidaceae, Oncidiinae). Brittonia 62: 153-177.

Garay LA. 1963. Oliveriana and its position in the Oncidieae. American Orchid Society Bulletin 32: 19-24.

Garay LA, Stacy JE. 1974. Synopsis of the genus Oncidium. Bradea 1: 393-429.

Górniak M, Paun O, Chase MW. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships within Orchidaceae based on a low-copy nuclear coding gene, Xdh: Congruence with organellar and nuclear ribosomal DNA results. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 56: 784-795.

Jenny R. 2010. Otoglossum, una revisión taxonómica. Orquideología 27: 63-90.

Johnson LA, Soltis DE. 1994. matK DNA sequences and phylogenetic reconstruction in Saxifragaceae s.st. Systematic Botany 19: 143-156.

Kew World Checklist of Monocotyledons. 2011. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.kew.org/wcsp/monocots/ accessed 17 August 2011.

Lindley J. 1838-1842. Sertum Orchidaceum. James Ridgway and Sons, London.

Melo GAR, Gaglianone MC. 2005. Females of Tapinotaspoides, a genus in the oil-collecting bee tribe Tapinotaspidini, collect secretions from non-floral trichomes (Hymenoptera, Apidae). Revista Brasileira de Entomologia 49: 167-168.

Molvray M, Kores PJ, Chase MW. 2000. Polyphyly of mycoheterotrophic orchids and functional influences of floral and molecular characters. In: Wilson KL, Morrison DA, eds. Monocots: systematics and evolution. Collingswood, Victoria, Australia: CSIRO Publishing. 441-448.

Neubig KM, Whitten WM, Carlsward BS, Blanco MA, Endara L, Williams NH, Moore M. 2009. Phylogenetic utility of ycf1 in orchids: a plastid gene more variable than matK. Plant Systematics and Evolution 277: 75-84.

Nierenberg L. 1972. The mechanism of the maintenance of the species integrity in sympatrically occurring equitant Oncidiums in the Caribbean. American Orchid Society Bulletin 41: 873-881.

Pansarin LM, Castro MD, Sazima M. 2009. Osmophore and elaiophores of Grobya amherstiae (Catasetinae, Orchidaceae) and their relation to pollination. Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 159: 408-415.

Papadopulos AST, MP Powell, F Pupulin, J Warner, JA Hawkins N Salamin, L Chittka, NH Williams, WM Whitten, D Loader, LM Valente, MW Chase, & V Savolainen. 2013. Convergent evolution of floral signals underlies the success of Neotropical orchids. Published 26 June 2013 doi: 10.1098/rspb.2013.0960 Proc. R. Soc. B 22 August 2013 vol. 280 no. 1765 20130960.

Parra-Tabla V, Vargas CF, Magana-Rueda S, Navarro J. 2000. Female and male pollination success of Oncidium ascendens Lindey (Orchidaceae) in two contrasting habitat patches: forest vs agricultural field. Biological Conservation 94: 335-340.

Powell MP. 2008. Evolutionary ecology of Neotropical orchids, with an emphasis on Oncidiinae. Unpublished Ph.D. thesis, University of Reading.

Reis MG, de Faria AD, Bittrich V, Amaral MDE, Marsaioli AJ. 2000. The chemistry of flower rewards - Oncidium (Orchidaceae). Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society 11: 600-608.

Reis MG, de Faria AD, dos Santos IA, Amaral MDE, Marsaioli AJ. 2007. Byrsonic acid - the clue to floral mimicry involving oil-producing flowers and oil-collecting bees. Journal of Chemical Ecology 33: 1421-1429.

Rojas Leal A. 1993. Anatomía foliar comparada de Lemboglossum (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) y generos relacionados. Biólogo thesis, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico.

Roubik DW. 1989. Ecology and natural history of tropical bees. Cambridge University Press: New York, USA.

Roy BA, Widmer A. 1999. Floral mimicry: a fascinating yet poorly understood phenomenon. Trends in Plant Science 4: 325-330.

Salguero-Faria JA, Ackerman JD. 1999. A nectar reward: Is more better? Biotropica 31: 303-311.

Sandoval-Zapotitla E, García-Cruz J, Terrazas T, Villasenor JL. 2010. Phylogenetic relationships of the subtribe Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae) inferred from structural and DNA sequences (matK, ITS): a combined approach. Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 81: 263-279.

Sandoval-Zapotitla E, Terrazas T. 2001. Leaf anatomy of 16 taxa of the Trichocentrum clade (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Lindleyana 16: 81-93.

Sazima M, Sazima I. 1988. Oil-gathering bees visit flowers of eglandular morphs of the oil-producing Malpighiaceae. Botanica Acta 102: 106-111.

Senghas K. 1997. Rudolf Schlecter's Die Orchideen, Band I/C, 33-36. Paul Parey: Berlin, Germany.

Senghas K. 2001. Neobennettia, eine neue Gattung aus den peruanischen Anden-- mit einem Uberblick zur Gattung Lockhartia. Journal für den Orchideenfreund 8: 354-364.

Sigrist MR, Sazima M. 2004. Pollination and reproductive biology of twelve species of neotropical Malpighiaceae: Stigma morphology and its implications for the breeding system. Annals of Botany 94: 33-41.

Silvera K. 2002. Adaptive radiation of oil-reward compounds among neotropical orchid species (Oncidiinae). Unpublished M.S. thesis, University of Florida.

Silvera K, Neubig KM, Whitten WM, Williams NH, Winter K, Cushman JC. 2010. Evolution along the crassulacean acid metabolism continuum. Functional Plant Biology 37: 995-1010.

Silvera K, Santiago LS, Cushman JC, Winter K. 2009. Crassulacean acid metabolism and epiphytism linked to adaptive radiations in the Orchidaceae. Plant Physiology 149: 1838-1847.

Sosa V, Chase MW, Salazar GE, Whitten WM, Williams NH. 2001. Phylogenetic position of Dignathe (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae): evidence from nuclear ITS ribosomal DNA sequences. Lindleyana 16: 94-101.

Soto M, Salazar GE, Rojas Leal A. 1993. Nomenclatural changes in Rhynchostele, Mesoglossum, and Lemboglossum (Orchidaceae, Oncidiinae). Orquídea (Mexico) 13: 145-152.

Stamatakis A. 2006. RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22: 2688-2690.

Stpiczynska M, Davies KL. 2008. Elaiophore structure and oil secretion in flowers of Oncidium trulliferum Lindl. and Ornithophora radicans (Rchb.f.) Garay & Pabst (Oncidiinae:Orchidaceae). Annals of Botany 101: 375-384.

Stpiczynska M, Davies KL, Gregg A. 2007. Elaiophore diversity in three contrasting members of Oncidiinae (Orchidaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 155: 135-148.

Sun Y, Skinner DZ, Liang GH, Hulbert SH. 1994. Phylogenetic analysis of Sorghum and related taxa using internal transcribed spacers of nuclear ribosomal DNA. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 89: 26-32.

Szlachetko DL. 1995. Systema Orchidalium, Fragmenta Floristica et Geobotanica. Supplementum 3. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences: Kraków, Poland.

Szlachetko DL. 2006. Genera et species orchidalium. 11. Oncidieae. Polish Botanical Journal 51: 39-41.

Szlachetko DL, Mytnik-Ejsmont J, Romowicz A. 2006. Genera et species orchidalium. 14. Oncidieae. Polish Botanical Journal 51: 53-55.

Tanaka R, Kamemoto H. 1984. Chromosomes in orchids: counting and numbers. In: Arditti J, ed. Orchid Biology: reviews and perspectives, III. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univ. Press. 324-410.

Tavare S. 1986. Some probabilistic and statistical problems in the analysis of DNA sequences. Lectures on Mathematics in the Life Sciences 17: 56-86.

Toscano de Brito ALV, Dressler RL. 2000. New combinations in Ornithocephalus (Ornithocephalinae: Orchidaceae) and description of a new species from Mesoamerica. Lindleyana 15: 252-256.

Vale A, Navarro L, Rojas D, Álvarez JC. 2011. Breeding system and pollination by mimicry of the orchid Tolumnia guibertiana in Western Cuba. Plant Species Biology 26: 163-173.

van den Berg C, Goldman DH, Freudenstein JV, Pridgeon AM, Cameron KM, Chase MW. 2005. An overview of the phylogenetic relationships within Epidendroideae inferred from multiple DNA regions and recircumscription of Epidendreae and Arethuseae (Orchidaceae). American Journal of Botany 92: 613-624.

van der Pijl L, Dodson CH. 1966. Orchid Flowers: Their Pollination and Evolution. University of Miami Press: Coral Gables, Florida, USA.

Whitten MW, Williams NH, Chase MW. 2000. Subtribal and generic relationships of Maxillarieae (Orchidaceae) with emphasis on Stanhopeinae: combined molecular evidence. American Journal of Botany 87: 1842-1856.

Whitten WM. 2009. Nohawilliamsia: a new genus honors Norris H. Williams, PhD. Orchids 78: 552-555.

Williams NH. 1972a. A Reconsideration of Ada and the Glumaceous Brassias (Orchidaceae). Brittonia 24: 93-110.

Williams NH 1972b. Additional studies on pollinaria in the Oncidiinae. American Orchid Society Bulletin. 41:222-230.

Williams NH. 1982. The biology of orchids and euglossine bees. In: Arditti J, ed. Orchid Biology: Reviews and Perspectives, II. Ithaca, NY, USA: Cornell University Press. 119-171.

Williams NH, Chase MW, Fulcher T, Whitten WM. 2001a. Molecular systematics of the Oncidiinae based on evidence from four DNA sequence regions: expanded circumscriptions of Cyrtochilum, Erycina, Otoglossum, and Trichocentrum and a new genus (Orchidaceae). Lindleyana 16: 113-139.

Williams NH, Chase MW, Whitten WM. 2001b. Phylogenetic positions of Miltoniopsis, Caucaea, a new genus, Cyrtochiloides, and Oncidium phymatochilum (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae). Lindleyana 16: 272-285.

Williams NH, Whitten WM, Dressler RL. 2005. Molecular systematics of Telipogon (Orchidaceae: Oncidiinae) and its allies: nuclear and plastid DNA sequence data. Lankesteriana 5: 163-184.

Xu DH, Abe J, Sakai M, Kanazawa A, Shimamoto Y. 2000. Sequence variation of non-coding regions of chloroplast DNA of soybean and related wild species and its implications for the evolution of different chloroplast haplotypes. TAG Theoretical and Applied Genetics 101: 724-732.

Zimmerman JK, Aide TM. 1987. Patterns of flower and fruit production in the orchid Aspasia principissa Rchb.f. American Journal of Botany 74: 661-661.

Zimmermann Y, Roubik DW, Quezada-Euan JJG, Paxton RJ, Eltz T. 2009. Single mating in orchid bees (Euglossa, Apinae): implications for mate choice and social evolution. Insectes Sociaux 56: 241-249.

- Top of Page -

Page developed and maintained by Norris H. Williams.
Please send your comments and suggestions to the webmaster: orchid@[nospam]flmnh.ufl.edu
Page last updated: 4 December 2013