Florida Museum of Natural History
Florida Museum of Natural History Historical Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History
NORTH DEVON GRAVEL TEMPERED WARE - TYPE INDEX


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Type Name:
NORTH DEVON GRAVEL TEMPERED WARE
Category:
LEAD GLAZED COARSE EARTHENWARE
Production Origin:
ENGLAND
Production Date Range:
1680-1750
Defining Attributes:
Paste is thick, compacted, hard, pink to peach in color, and may have a grey core. It is tempered with large quartz grains and pebbles that can protrude through the glaze.

Vessel interiors are covered with a light brown to apple green or mottled yellow-green lead glaze, and may be speckled with orange. Exteriors are well-smoothed, with smoothing marks visible, and frequently has a faint reddish film.

Vessel Forms:
CANDLE HOLDER
CHAMBER POT
JAR
JUG
MUG
PITCHER
PLATE
Comments:
North Devon gravel-tempered ware is one of at least three utilitarian pottery types imported to the Americas from the North Devon region of England. North Devon sgraffito ware is identified by its incised slip decoration of brown motifs on a yellow ground. North Devon gravel-free (also known as North Devon smooth or North Devon plain) is distinguished by the absence of the gravel temper. North Devon gravel tempered ware is so far the only North Devon variety reported from Spanish colonial sites, and it occurs in Spanish Florida contexts of the early eighteenth century.
Published Definitions:
Noel Hume 1969; Watkins 1960