Florida Museum of Natural History
Florida Museum of Natural History Historical Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History
PORCELAIN, BROWN GLAZED - TYPE INDEX


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Type Name:
PORCELAIN, BROWN GLAZED
Category:
PORCELAIN
Production Origin:
CHINA
Production Date Range:
1700-1780
Defining Attributes:
White, thin, highly vitreous paste that is smooth and translucent.

Vessel exteriors are covered with a lustrous brown glaze, ranging in color from very dark brown, to golden brown to pale tan. The brown glaze can solidly cover the vessel surface, or can contain white reserve panels in leaf, cartouche or other shapes.

The reserve panels may be solid white, or contain blue and white or polychrome painted designs. The Famille Rose pallete of polychrome design is common.

Vessel interiors are usually white (lead/feldspathic glazed), and are typically decorated with either blue underglaze or polychrome enamel overglaze designs. Design motifs are those typical of Ching dynasty export porcelain.

Vessel Forms:
BOWL
CUP
JAR
SAUCER
TEA POT
VASE
Comments:
Brown-glazed porcelain is found on Spanish-American sites from about 1700 through 1780. It seems to appear somewhat later on Anglo-American sites, beginning in about 1740. Examples with solid brown exteriors, or brown exteriors with undecorated white reserve panels are more common on Spanish sites than are examples with Famille Rose reserve panels. Specimen# 2597 is a rare example of the tan variety. Specimen #s 61-64 are from a context dating to 1733; #s 53-60 are from contexts dating to ca. 1765-1785. Other examples from the 1715 Higgs site have solid brown exteriors, with delicate overglaze red and gold enamel decoration on the interior.
Published Definitions:
Aga Oglu 1956; Deagan 2002; Martin 1993