Florida Museum of Natural History
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SLIPWARE, MORAVIAN - TYPE INDEX


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Type Name:
SLIPWARE, MORAVIAN
Category:
SLIPWARE
Production Origin:
UNITED STATES
Production Date Range:
1750-1825
Defining Attributes:
Coarse earthenware paste that varies in color from light red or orange, and less commonly, buff and yellow.

Slip decoration could be trailed, marbled, overall slip washed, banded or sgraffito, using combinations of white, yellow, light brown, dark brown and green. Green decoration was usually applied over a base of white slip.

Designs include a wide variety of floral and zoomorphic motifs, as well as inscriptions, dates, and abstract designs consisting of bands, stripes, squiggles, scrolls, dots and lobes.

Interiors of many hollow forms were covered in a white slip wash before decoration, and were lead glazed over the slip decoration.

Vessel Forms:
BOTTLE
BOWL
CANDLE HOLDER
CHAMBER POT
CUP
JAR
JUG
MUG
PAN
PITCHER
PLATE
POT
SAUCER
TEA POT
Comments:
Moravian slip-decorated wares are distinct from English Staffordshire slipwares in their red-colored paste, their motifs, and their use of green decoration and highlighting. They were produced by German potters who settled in North Carolina and Pennsylvania in the 18th century, and the vessels exported widely in Eastern American by the late 18th century. For a more specific chronology of decorative categories, see South (2004).
Published Definitions:
Bivins 1972; South 2004