Florida Museum of Natural History
Florida Museum of Natural History Historical Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History
STONEWARE, WHITE SALT GLAZED - TYPE INDEX


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Type Name:
STONEWARE, WHITE SALT GLAZED
Category:
STONEWARE
Production Origin:
ENGLAND
Production Date Range:
1720-1770
Defining Attributes:
Thin, light grey or white, vitreous, dense stoneware paste.

Salt-glazed surface, producing a glossy, white fine ďorange peelĒ finish.

When decorated, techniques include press molding, slip casting, engine turning, and incising. These were sometimes combined with overglaze painting and transfer printed designs.

Early examples (before 1720) have grayer paste and are dipped into a thin white slip before firing, producing a slight division between glaze and body, and a diminution in orange peel finish. Dipped mugs often have a brown rim edge.

After ca. 1740, molded plate rims in standardized patterns were introduced. Motifs include "dot, diaper and basket" (specimen #ís 100, 103, 105, 107-109) , "bead and reel"(#ís 101, 111), and "barley" (#ís 102,113,114).

Vessel Forms:
CUP
PLATE
PLATTER
TEA POT
Comments:
Although early, brown edged dipped white salt-glazed pieces stayed in production through much of the 18th century. Molded plate rim motifs after 1740 included "dot, diaper and basket" (specimen #ís 100, 103, 105, 107-109), "bead and reel"(#ís 101, 111), and "barley" (#ís 102,113,114). White salt-glazed stoneware tablewares were gradually superceded by refined earthenwares after ca. 1760.
Published Definitions:
http://www.jefpat.org/diagnostic/Historic_Ceramic_Web_Page/Historic_Main.htm; Noel Hume 1970, 2001