Surf Clam Ridge Excavations
During 2003 and 2004, excavations were conducted in the south
pasture area of the Pineland archaeological site, focusing on the
exploration of a 5th-century A.D. occupational surface on the summit
of the low sand ridge known as Surf Clam Ridge. Under the
supervision of Dr. John Worth, and in coordination with a team of
scholars from several other disciplines at the Florida Museum of
Natural History, RRC volunteers participated in excavating some 26
square meters of the uppermost ridge deposits, exposing
archaeological evidence of the first centuries of human occupation
along the Pineland shoreline. Although data is still being
analyzed, the following photos provide an overview of the fieldwork.
Edwards and Gloria Andrews working on test unit L-2. Note the
dark sand layer underneath the shell midden cap.
Rosemary Squires, Diane Maher, and Caroline Koelsch sifting through shell midden
materials in search of fish bones and other food remains and debris.
View of block
excavations in progress, showing upper shell layer underlain by
black and finally gray sand forming the core of Surf Clam Ridge.
Florida Museum of
Natural History scientist Sylvia Scudder samples soils to determine
the origin of natural and cultural deposits in the ridge.
View of scattered
postmolds at the base of a 2 by 4 meter excavation area.
Image showing a prehistoric hearth during
excavation. Note basin shape of pit and dark charred material around
central backfill of sand and trash.
Schematic map of postmolds and pit features dating to ca. A.D. 450-500. Note hypothesized circular structures (shaded grey) with central hearths (in red).