Deep Time: A Comprehensive Phylogenetic Tree of Living and Fossil Angiosperms

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Last modified: August 23, 2002

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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  • Early Angiosperm Fossils

      1. Crane, P. R., S. R. Manchester, and D. L. Dilcher. 1990. A preliminary survey of fossil leaves and well-preserved reproductive structures from the Sentinel Butte Formation (Paleocene) near Almont, North Dakota. Fieldiana: Geology 20: 1-63.
      2. Crane, P. R., K. R. Pedersen, E. M. Friis, and A. N. Drinnan. 1993. Early Cretaceous (early to middle Albian) platanoid inflorescences associated with Sapindopsis leaves from the Potomac Group of eastern North America. Systematic Botany 18: 328-344.
      3. Crane, P. R. and Stockey, R. A. 1985. Growth and reproductive biology of Joffrea speirsii gen. et. sp. nov., a Cercidiphyllum-like plant from the Late Paleocene of Alberta, Canada. Canadian Journal of Botany.
      4. Crepet, W. L., and K. C. Nixon. 1998. Two new fossil flowers of magnoliid affinity from the Late Cretaceous of New Jersey. American Journal of Botany 85: 1273-1288.
      5. Crepet, W. L., and K. C. Nixon. 1998. Fossil Clusiaceae from the Late Cretaceous (Turonian) of New Jersey and implications regarding the history of bee pollination. American Journal of Botany 85: 1122-1133.
      6. Dilcher, D. L. and P. R. Crane. 1984. Archaeanthus: an early angiosperm from the Cenomanian of the western interior of North America. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 71: 351-383.
      7. Drinnan, A. N., Crane, P. R., Friis, E. M., and Pedersen, K. R. 1990. Lauraceous flowers from the Potomac Group (mid-Cretaceous of eastern North America. Bot. Gaz. 151: 370-384.
      8. Drinnan, A. N., Crane, P. R., Friis, E. M., and Pedersen, K. R., 1991. Angiosperm flowers and tricolpate pollen of buxaceous affinity from the Potomac Group (mid-Cretaceous) of eastern North America. Amer. J. Bot. 78: 153-176.
      9. Eklund, H., E. M. Friis, and K. R. Pedersen. 1997. Chloranthaceous floral structures from the Late Cretaceous of Sweden. Plant Systematics and Evolution 207: 13-42.
      10. Friis, E. M. 1983. Upper Cretaceous (Senonian) floral structures of juglandalean affinity containing Normapolles pollen. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 39: 161-188.
      11. Friis, E. M. 1990. Silvianthemum suecicum gen. et sp. nov., a new saxifragalean flower from the Late Cretaceous of Sweden. Biologiske Skrifter 36: 1-35.
      12. Friis, E. M., and A. Skarby. 1982. Scandianthus gen. nov., angiosperm flowers of saxifragalean affinity from the Upper Cretaceous of southern Sweden. Annals of Botany 50: 569-583.
      13. Friis, E. M., P. R. Crane, and K. R. Pedersen. 1988. Reproductive structures of Cretaceous Platanaceae. Biologiske Skrifter 31: 1-55.
      14. Gandalfo, M. A., K. C. Nixon, and W. L. Crepet. 1998. Tylerianthus crossmanensis gen. et sp. nov. (aff. Hydrangeaceae) from the Upper Cretaceous of New Jersey. American Journal of Botany 85: 376-386.
      15. Gandalfo, M. A., K. C. Nixon, and W. L. Crepet. 1998. A new fossil flower form the Turonian of New Jersey: Dressanthia bicarpellata gen. et sp. nov. (Capparales). American Journal of Botany 85: 964-974.
      16. Herendeen, P. S. 1991. Lauraceous wood from the mid-Cretaceous Potomac Group of eastern North America: Paraphyllanthoxylon marylandense sp. nov. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 69: 277-290.
      17. Herendeen, P. S., W. L. Crepet, and K. C. Nixon. 1993. Chloranthus-like stamens from the Upper Cretaceous of New Jersey. American Journal of Botany 80: 865-871.
      18. Herendeen, P. S., W. L. Crepet, and K. C. Nixon. 1994. Fossil flowers and pollen of Lauraceae from the Upper Cretaceous of New Jersey. Plant Systematics and Evolution 189: 29-40.
      19. Herendeen, P. S., S. Magallon-Puebla, R. Lupia, P. R. Crane, and J. Kobylinska. 1999. A preliminary conspectus of the Allon flora from the Late Cretaceous (late Santonian) of central Georgia, U.S.A. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 86: 407-471.
      20. Keller, J. A., P. S. Herendeen and P. R. Crane. 1996. Fossil flowers and fruits of the Actinidiaceae from the Campanian (Late Cretaceous) of Georgia. Amer. J. Bot. 83: 528-541.
      21. Magallon-Puebla, S., P. S. Herendeen, and P. R. Crane. 1997. Quadriplatanus georgianus gen. et sp. nov.: staminate and pistillate platanaceous flowers from the Late Cretaceous (Coniacian-Santonian) of Georgia, U.S.A. International Journal of Plant Sciences 158: 373-394.
      22. Magallón, S., P. S. Herendeen, and P. R. Crane. 2001. Floral diversity in Hamamelidoideae (Hamamelidaceae): Androdecidua endressi gen. et sp. nov. from the late Santonian (Late Cretaceous) of Georgia, U.S.A. International Journal of Plant Sciences 162: 963-983.
      23. Manchester, S. R., M. E. Collinson, and K. Goth. 1994. Fruits of the Juglandaceae from the Eocene of Messel, Germany, and implications for early Tertiary phytogeographic exchange between Europe and western North America. International Journal of Plant Sciences 155: 388-394.
      24. Meyer, H. W., and S. R. Manchester. 1997. The Oligocene Bridge Creek flora of the John Day Formation, Oregon. University of California Publications: Geological Sciences 141: 1-195.
      25. Nixon, K. C. and W. L. Crepet. 1993. Late Cretaceous fossil flowers of ericalean affinity. American Journal of Botany 80: 616-623.
      26. Sims, H. J., P. S. Herendeen, and P. R. Crane. 1998. New genus of fossil Fagaceae from the Santonian (Late Cretaceous) of central Georgia, U.S.A. Intl. J. Plant Sci. 159: 391-404.
      27. Sims, H. J., P. S. Herendeen, R. Lupia, R. A. Christopher, and P. R. Crane. 1999. Fossil flowers with Normapolles pollen from the Upper Cretaceous of southeastern North America. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 106: 131-151.
      28. Stockey, R. A., and Crane, P. R. 1983. In situ Cercidiphyllum-like seedlings from the Paleocene of Alberta, Canada. American Journal of Botany 70: 1564-1568.
      29. Sun, G., D. L. Dilcher, S. Zheng and Z. Zhou (1998). In search of the first flower: A jurassic angiosperm, archaefructus, from northeast china. Science 282: 1692-1695.
      30. Sun, G., Ji, Q., Dilcher, D.L., Zheng, S.L., Nixon, K., and Wang, X.F. 2002. Archaeofruntaceae, a new basal angiosperm family. Science 296: 899-904.

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