Florida Museum of Natural History
Florida Museum of Natural History Historical Archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History
IRONSTONE, UNDECORATED - TYPE INDEX


Image of Front
Type Name:
IRONSTONE, UNDECORATED
Category:
REFINED EARTHENWARE
Production Origin:
ENGLAND
Production Date Range:
1840-1930
Defining Attributes:
White, hard, almost vitrified paste.

Paste is usually thick because vessels were often utilitarian.

Background color is white, but may have a faint bluish cast.

Thick, clear, glasslike glaze, with a network of very fine crazing appearing underneath the glassy surface.

Usually not decorated but can be transfer printed.

Vessel Forms:
BASIN
BOWL
PLATE
PLATTER
TUREEN
Comments:
This common nineteenth century utilitarian pottery is part of the general category of English "Stone China" It is referred to in the archaeological literature as "Undecorated White Granite Ware", or as "Undecorated Ironstone", after Masonís Patent Ironstone China (which was a specific brand of stone china patented in 1813). Undecorated Stone China is most common after ca. 1840, and most of the granite wares,and ironstone pottery before that date were decorated with transfer printing, painting, enameling or a combination of these. Decorated Stone China /Ironstone dates to about 1805-1840 (Miller 1991).
Published Definitions:
Noel Hume 1970; Miller 1991